The Pink Years
The Virgin Years
The Blue Years
The Melrose Years
The TDI Years
The Eastgate Years
All Releases In Chronological
7"/12" and CD Singles
Edgar Froese Solo Works
LPs / CDs
Videos / DVDs
TANGERINE DREAM - BIOGRAPHY - Page 6
The next CD was called Rockoon, on which Jerome's influences can be heard. The tracks became harder and faster. Also, the electric guitar is played more aggressively. Edgar defines their music as a kind of 'city sound,' electronics including guitar and saxophone parts. Guest musicians were Zlatko Perica (lead guitar), Richi Wester (saxophone) as well as Enrico Fernandez (macubaha). Linda Spa was not involved in the recording sessions since she was not in Europe at the time. Jayney Klimek added background vocals to the instrumental tracks. Edgar: No lyrics can be heard on the acoustic sections, but there is vocal experimentation here and there. We also integrated other musical elements, for example sounds from the South Pacific, but in a very surrealistic way. For us it was great fun. The album was nominated for a Grammy in 1992 in the category best new age album. The title track appeared as a special edition single.
The label Silva Screen released the soundtrack to the American television film Deadly Care, first shown in March 1987. In 1993, another live album appeared by Tangerine Dream named 220 Volt Live, which was taken from the North American tour in '92 during performances in Seattle, New York and Washington. Edgar and Jerome appeared on stage with supporting musicians Zlatko Perica (guitar) and Linda Spa (saxophone and keyboard). Linda and Zlatko were not permanent members, but as Edgar once said, associated members of Tangerine Dream. One reason for this was that Linda lived in Vienna and Zlatko in Zurich. They were integrated into the group on a project-related basis.
"Powerful and dynamic with sharp guitars and driving saxophone solos" (The New Times) TD promised to be "a celebration for designers of the digital sound" (The Boston Phoenix). Tangerine Dream has never before been sounded as hard as on this tour. With this album they received a Grammy nomination for the third time. On the album is a remake of the Jimi Hendrix track Purple Haze, which they played on the tour as an encore. The title was not purely a tribute to Hendrix however. Edgar: What really interested me was what was behind the musician and person Jimi Hendrix, who, for me, was always a sad person and still is. Because what he achieved musically goes beyond the boundaries of simple stardom. We also chose the piece Purple Haze because it suited this type of instrumental interpretation well.
The single Dreamtime was taken from the album. It contains the title track in a sung and instrumental version. The singer Jayney Klimek (who formed the band The Other Ones together with her brothers Alf (singer on the first Spliff LP Spliff Radio Show), Johnny Klimek as well as three other musicians) took over the vocals with Dreamtime. The band had a hit in 1986 with the track Holiday. The cooperative endeavour with Jayney Klimek can be traced back to an Austrian vacation where Tangerine Dream met the friendly singer by accident when concerned with the recording of some music. Jayney wrote the lyrics to Dreamtime in a few minutes and after 1 1/2 hours, the track was already finished.
From the CD 220 Volt Live, Miramar released the video Three Phase - Past, Present, Future, which was produced by Michael Boydstun. The video, however, did not feature the entire concert. As well as five tracks which were taken from the concert on October 25, 1992, in the Paramount Theatre in Seattle, video clips and older material are on the video as well, such as Phaedra and Logos. The video clips consisted partially of old black & white clips from the 20's and 30's as well as private film documentaries, which were filmed on trips and during concerts. The idea for the video came from the American label Miramar. They had to work on the group for a few months before Tangerine Dream finally agreed to the project. The production received another Grammy nomination in the category Long Form Video. Edgar stated: The concept of the group is not this video thing, neither the glorification of its members, that isn't our purpose at all.
In 1994, the soundtrack to the Stephen Sommers film Catch Me If You Can (not related to the recent film of the same name starring Leonardo de Caprio) appeared.
The studio album of the year 1994 was called Turn of the Tides. Jerome's influence became clearer on this album, on which the guitarist Zlatko Perica and saxophonist Linda Spa were brought in. Track composition and development of musical ideas had already begun during the North American tour of '92. Edgar adds: That was actually the longest time we ever spent making a record. With a few short breaks of two or three weeks, we worked on it for nine months, then we did the main work here in Vienna and in Berlin. Tangerine Dream had rarely sounded so aggressive and open to different styles. The magazine Billboard commented: An album rich with exotic sounds and vibrating rhythms. Without neglecting the cosmic elements they have again dedicated themselves more strongly towards traditional rock music (Stereo). Turn of the Tides was also nominated for a Grammy in 1994 in the category Best New Age album.
The booklet to this CD contains an extract from the short story The Coachman's Tales. Edgar, who studied philosophy and arts for five years, is the author of this story. It was not his studies, but rather the fact that he kept asking himself questions for which there were no real answers that lead to the simple philosophical observations presented within the story. He also likes to be ironic and particularly likes those writers who pretend to say something interesting and who then turn around just to say I didnt mean it! It comes from my deep interest in the original Zen Buddhism and the teachings of the Sufis, quoted an article in The New York Times.
Edgar stresses, however, that he is not interested in publishing a book even if his written short stories would fill lots of paperbacks. A CD single of Turn of the Tides appeared which contains an unreleased track called Story of the Brave, partly written by Linda Spa, as well as four partial tracks from the album as shortened versions. In 1994, Virgin released a box with five CDs called Tangents 1973 - 1983. On the first four CDs are tracks from the Virgin decade, which Edgar remixed and remastered for this release.
Edgar Froese released the double CD Beyond The Storm in 1995. On it are 13 older tracks that have been remastered, as well as 15 new ones. In 1995, TD released Tyranny of Beauty. On this CD is a newly recorded 5 minute version of Stratosfear under the title Stratosfear 1995. The album ends with the track Largo, a composition by the German composer George Friedrich Haendel (1685-1759). With this album, Tangerine Dream obtained their fifth Grammy nomination. The CD Tyranny of Beauty is a portrayal of the groups views of the fashion industry and the hype which surrounds the modelling industry, to which the title of the track Catwalk refers. With the whole project, the group wanted to make it clear that it is not normal to make such a fuss around certain people only because they were born into this world with two pretty ears. Originally, they had planned to depict a Barbie doll on the CD cover. That was not possible, however, for legal reasons, and an Egyptian cover design was used instead. Upon invitation, the group played at a fashion show in Los Angeles. As a joke, Linda Spa went down the catwalk playing her saxophone in a wedding dress. The band had a lot of fun at this rather crazed out event. The organizer paid a huge amount of money for them as he had to cover the cost for flying the group into LA with all their equipment, just for a 40 minute appearance!
The album The Dream Mixes came out in 1995 on the Virgin label. On this CD, it was mainly Jerome who remixed a number of titles such as Turn of the Tides and Tyranny of Beauty as harder, more modern versions. The CD contains four supplementary new tracks in addition to the remixes, and has a duration of 67 minutes. Jerome added: After this release, we received many offers to remix dance hits or requests from other DJ's to allow them to remix TD songs, but there was no real interest doing this. In addition to the CD, a 60 minute video appeared in 1996 with the title The Video Dream Mixes. It contained nine tracks from the version on the groups own label, Tangerine Dream International (TDI). Some clips seem like holiday snapshots which look somewhat strange due to the use of different special effects. During the track Changes of the God, computer animations are played which would then be used extensively in their shows on the European tour of '97.
The soundtrack Zoning from the feature film of the same name was only released in Germany in 1996. A further box set with five CDs entitled The Dream Roots Collection appeared under the label Castle Communications. This time, on CDs 1-4, tracks from the years 1970-1973 and 1983-1987 were re-released as remastered versions. CD #5 again consisted of new material (four tracks lasting between 9 and 15 minutes). The enclosed booklet contains 95 beautiful photos as well as several comments about the band's history from 1967 (the first band line-up) to 1990. Edgar, who was responsible for all the graphic design for the box, spent about 6 months restoring, remastering and editing the various music tracks.
On their European tour in '96, a CD single was released which was limited to only 2000 copies. The CD entitled Shepherds Bush contains the tracks Thief Yang and The Tangram Seal, as well as a remake of the old Beatles classic Eleanor Rigby. Tangerine Dream had already been playing remakes of rock and pop classics in their live concerts for a number of years (e.g. Eleanor Rigby, House of the Rising Sun, Purple Haze)
The next album, released in 1996, was called Goblins Club. On this record, which also represented Linda's collaboration with Tangerine Dream, the group worked with the Viennese Boys Choir. The booklet from this CD contains a text by the German writer Christian Morgenstern (1871-1914). A number of the tunes Tangerine Dream have composed over the years were based on works by famous writers. The short story which is printed in the booklet fell into Edgars hands by chance, and since he liked the text (which was written with a sharp tongue), it became part of the musical background.
Once asked about the huge number of musicians Edgar had worked with in his lengthy career, he responded: We have worked with people for between 6 months and 6 years. I worked with Christopher Franke for 16 years and this collaboration ended up as a very unpleasant story....But there are always time intervals where one notices that something new has to happen within Tangerine Dream. I often had to get off the large road, leave the motorway, as we used to call it. Sometimes I wanted to get back to my musical roots. We are not primarily a commercial group, many people who always try to label us as being commercial forget this. Sometimes fans will find my attitude in my working relationships with other colleagues hard or even arrogant, but if you do not make decisions at the right time, the future will punish you for your indecision. In some cases I unfortunately had to go through very painful experiences. But by the end of the day, Tangerine Dream is my brainchild and has been for many decades, and so I feel responsible for the bad and the good days and decisions.
In 1997 Tangerine Dream went on an extended world tour which took them to Germany for the first time in 14 years. This absence was the result of complications with German organizers. Tangerine Dream appeared in Berlin, Bonn, Hanover, Hamburg, Frankfurt and a number of other cities. Edgar and Jerome were once again accompanied on this tour by Zlatko Perica on guitar. To enrich the acoustics and visual aspects, the group recruited the percussionist Emil Hachfeld, son of a very well known political cartoonist in Germany. On the stage he stood surrounded by his drum set and beats them like madman. On April 18, 1997, the groups concert in Frankfurt was broadcast world-wide on the Internet via Real Audio. For visual support, live pictures were broadcast at certain time intervals. The time between the pictures (approximately 5 minutes) was rather long and the selection of the pictures not very particularly striking. Spectators, however, found it to be an interesting show. A great deal of listeners from all over the world took advantage of this opportunity. It must be mentioned that back then the broadcast quality of the internet was inferior to that which we are used to in 2006.
The music to the landscape film Oasis, of a duration of approximately 45 minutes, appeared on the album of the same name on the TDI label, as did the video film produced by Camera One. The video portrays (like Canyon Dreams) beautiful landscape scenes for which Tangerine Dream wrote a number stunning musical sequences.
The track Towards The Evening Star from the album Goblins Club was remixed by the well-known Trance band The Orb and released on a CD single. The CD contains the original album track as well as the over 8 minute long Mandarin Cream Mix. In order to produce the remixes, Tangerine Dream provided The Orb with multi-track tapes. This partnership was initiated by the UK based record company with which TD was associated. Edgar and Jerome were, however, disappointed with the result. According to them, the product bared little resemblance to Tangerine Dream's music. This was one of the reasons for which they left the record company with whom they had worked for some time to set up their own independent label, TDI.
The second set of the world tour of 97 was released as the Live CD Tornado. The recording was taken from the concert on April 23, 1997 in the Dome Muziki i Tanca in the Polish town of Zabrze.
In 1999, a very unusual CD appeared under the title Ambient Monkeys that contained a 48 minute track consisting of 13 parts. Apart from a number of new TD compositions, parts of songs by George Friedrich Haendel, Johann Sebastian Bach and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart were incorporated into some of the tracks. From beginning to end, the music is accompanied by jungle noises (ape cries, bird voices, the sound of locomotives, etc.). The music was composed as pre-concert background music for the European tour of '97 and was heard at some of the appearances.
After each of the performances, there was always such a huge demand for a recording that the decision was made to release it officially. Edgar, being a big fan of Baroque music, had already produced a number of recording sessions both alone and together with other musicians from outside the band in order to build a library of classical compositions both for his own purposes and also, to learn how these geniuses had structured their compositions.
On February 1, 1998, with some rare tracks prepared, Jerome Froese was a guest on the Radio Eins programme Electrobeats with the presenter Olaf Zimmermann. During the 3rd hour of this show, alternative and live versions of Warsaw in The Sun, Ride on the Ray and Girl on the Stairs were played. Also, another track was heard for the first time here; a 4 minute extract from a 1990 Japanese NHK-TV film by the name of Mandala, for which Tangerine Dream composed the music. The music has not been released to date. Another treat presented during this programme was the track Unicorn Theme from the film Legend, sung by the German singer Susanne Pawlitzki. It was the well known singer Jon Anderson of the group Yes who sang the tune in the film version, but due to accent problems, the track as sung of the Susanne Pawlitzki was not chosen by Universal Film Studios.
In 1997, Sony Music signed on Tangerine Dream to put music to an outstanding video: Luminous Visions. The video consists of computer animations created by the famous Japanese computer artist Yoichiro Kawaguchi, who created fascinating and abstract pictures for this film. Tangerine Dream supplied the soundtrack to the animations. The songs were not new, however, except for Midwinter Night, but come from the albums The Dream Mixes and Oasis.
Tangerine Dream wrote the music for a documentary about the Russian Siberian Express. This music appeared on CD under the title Transsiberia.
The CD Valentine Wheels offers another live performance and contained the first set of the '97 tour which was recorded during the London Shepherds Bush Empire concert.
On June 12,1999, the only Tangerine Dream concert of the year took place at the KlangArt Festival in Osnabrueck. Edgar welcomed visitors from the whole world who had travelled to this unique concert. The individual to travel the farthest was a fan from the USA. With this appearance, completely new material was performed live for the first time in years. Under the title Mars Polaris, the NASA Mars Polar Lander mission was translated into a musical context. The Percussionist Emil Hachfeld, who had already appeared on the '97 tour, provided the appropriate rhythms for this concert. In addition to him, the band was also supported by guitarist Gerald Gradwohl. The backdrop behind the musicians consisted of an enormous canvas on which a film of the Mars mission was shown during the concert. Besides original shots of rocket launches and space travel projects, numerous computer animations were to be seen as well. A previously unreleased part of this huge production was originally set to be performed at the Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles on the landing date of the Mars Polar Lander on the surface of Mars. The Band was ready to fly out to LA for this performance, but due to a false mathematical calculation the rocket missed Mars completely and was lost in space. As a result, the TD show in LA never took place.
The album What a Blast: Architecture in Motion contains the soundtrack to a film about collapsing multi-storey buildings presented from an artistic perspective. The film appeared on video in the USA under the title What a Blast! Architecture in Motion.
Tangerine Dream later created the soundtrack to a film about the Great Wall of China. The music appears on the CD Great Wall of China.
Another release is the CD The Seven Letters from Tibet on which the sound of calm sounds seem to flow from another dimension.
In January 2001, Edgar began his work of a lifetime, the musical translation of the three parts of Dante Alighieris La Divina Commedia. This deeply philosophical and mysterious story reveals to the reader the paths which every human system must follow before ending up in a final place of absolute Origin. It took more than five years to complete the writing, rehearsals and recordings.
Edgar in his own words stated: If I would have known what I would be faced with during this five years, Im not sure if I would have done it. My Life turned into such a chaos. Sometimes everything seems to happen in response to what I am working on. Apart from many other unpleasant situations, a former colleague played the role of a devils advocate during my daily work. Composing the Dante Trilogy was one of the most outstanding experiences one could have.
After translating Inferno, Purgatorio and Paradiso into the language of music, Inferno and Purgatorio were performed live with band and singers and Paradiso was even accompanied by a symphony orchestra. People in various places have experienced listening to this truly outstanding piece of work both in open air (Nideggen Castle, Cologne/Museum Island, Berlin) as well as in concert halls (Royal Festival Hall, London/ Opera House Essen/Theatre Brandenburg etc. All three chapters have already been released on CD. The three parts on DVD will follow in 2007.
In the summer of 2003 Edgar was introduced to a studio technician who understood the various technical challenges that TD was faced with these days. After a few weeks of examining the groups equipment, Thorsten Quaeschning (of Norwegian origin) started to look after the bands hardware and software set-ups during their day to day production routine. The partnership went very well, and one day, a series of classical tunes could be heard during a week of production. What no one knew at that point in time was that Thorsten was also a well trained piano player with roots in both classical and progressive rock. To make a long story short: In June 2005, Edgar, Jerome, Linda Spa, Iris Camaa, Zlatko Perica held TD's Phaedra anniversary performance at the Shepherds Bush Empire in London with former studio technician Thorsten Quaeschning as a guest on stage. Together with Edgar and Jerome, Thorsten received his first credit as a composer for the CD release Jeanne dArc. This work based on the French heroine was performed live at the French Dome in Berlin in July, 2005.
Also, during the three sold out concerts of the world premiere of Paradiso with the Brandenburg Symphony Orchestra in September 2005, Thorsten and Linda Spa accompanied Edgar in performing one of his most complicated shows in Tangerine Dream history.
Meanwhile, Jerome began his Solo career with a very complex, guitar oriented production entitled Neptunes in the spring of 2004 which he performed in January 2005 in London. His second work will be released at the beginning of 2007.
On September 21, 2006, TD reminded their fans of their 40th Anniversary with an impressive concert at the Tempodrome in Berlin. A number of well known tunes and sounds could be heard during their over three hour long performance. From pure electronics to didgeridoo, flute, sax, guitars and drums, the place was filled with music from one of the most creative and innovative bands on the planet.